法国社会如何看待和回应哈维性丑闻事件

美国好莱坞电影巨头哈维·韦恩斯坦(Harvey Weinstein)被指控性侵和强奸的系列事件在经过了近两个星期的发酵后,席卷了大洋彼岸的法国影视界和社会舆论。该事件不仅成为了法国人在茶余饭后的又一大谈资,与此同时其所揭示日常生活和工作中的性骚扰威胁,也不可否认的同样在法国社会中屡屡上演。

对于法国人来说哈维的性骚扰丑闻已经不再只是,似乎司空见惯的又一则有关好莱坞精英自食其果的故事。而该事件则正式上升到了业界人士和民众关于,如何避免及杜绝类似问题,在现今的法国社会中继续发生的争论。下文也将为您就法国如何看待和回应哈维性丑闻,及其所代表的更深层次的社会问题做出介绍和分析。

法国作为电影艺术的故乡,国内电影业在历经了百年的蓬勃发展后,现如今拥有着成熟的市场、先进的制作技术和丰富的演员储备。南法小城戛纳则又是国际上最具影响力同名电影节的举办地和金棕榈奖的颁发地。这里长期以来吸引着,众多来自世界各地的业界大腕,并特别受到来自好莱坞的大导演、制片人和明星们的青睐。哈维作为是能在奥斯卡颁奖典礼上“一手遮天”的金牌制作人,也自然是每年巴黎和戛纳的常客。

他也帮助和参与了众多法国优秀影片在北美市场的发行和登录。例如中国影迷们耳熟能详的小清新电影《天使艾米莉》、叫好叫座的《触不可及》和曾经在2012年夺得过包括奥斯卡最佳影片奖、最佳男主角等5项大奖的《艺术家》等电影的幕后都有着哈维的身影。可以说,这些极具法国风格的电影之所以能在国际上取得成功,除了影片自身的卓越质量之外,都离不开哈维的运作。正因如此在2012年3月,时任法国总统的萨科齐向他颁发了国家最高荣誉的体现、法国荣誉军团骑士勋章。而这是由拿破仑于1802年创立的奖励机制。萨科齐则用它表彰了哈维在推广法国文化所做出的贡献。

但随着受害着们相继向哈维做出了性侵的指控,法国社会很快就了解到这再是一个远离他们生活的外国事件,事实上诸如两任邦女郎蕾雅·瑟杜(Lea Seydoux)和伊娃·格林(Eva Green)等5名法国女星都相继揭示了她们曾经所遭遇的相同经历。法国的媒体也就此进行了大篇幅的跟踪报道,在揭示哈维性侵指控故事的同时,其在戛纳出席电影节的司机身份也被记者们扒了出来。

这名名叫尚陆(Mickaël Chemloul)的法国男司机,曾在2008年至2013年中为哈维在当地进行服务。他在接受采访时回忆表示,这个主顾脾气暴躁、为人张扬,且很难与其打交道。尚陆曾看到大量的女星、女模特和女粉丝坐上了哈维的车。对此,他说道:“当我把车开往哈维驻地时,可以看到这些女人中很多人都曾显露过难过及忧伤的神情。” 他并声称:“在她们中我印象最深刻的是一个哈维女粉丝的故事。这个女孩喜欢并跟随了哈维很多年,将身体和灵魂都献给了他,只为换取一个从未实现的电影梦承诺。”

诸如此类的证词大大地打击了这名好莱坞大腕在法国的形象和地位。就连马克龙在接受法国电视一台的首次电视专访时,都不能回避谈论到这一话题。马克龙在节目中透露,他已要求法国荣誉勋章管理会启动惩戒程序,后者将在随后做出相关决定。他并宣称,将加快进程调查发生在法国的性骚扰事件,还鼓励更多女性站出来发声。与此同时,人们很快就明白了,在影视界进行大肆性侵的不只有哈维一个人。它所反映的是一个被整个行业默认许久的“潜规则”。这也不是单一的好莱坞现象,在法国也屡屡发生。

曾出演过《罗丹的情人》和《玛戈皇后》的法国著名女演员伊莎贝尔·阿佳妮( Isabelle Adjani )则在上周的一次采访中,公开就法国影视圈的“潜规则”问题就整个社会观念加以炮轰。她具体声称:“对于很多人来说,如果一个女演员一路睡向成功是一件正常不过的事情。它会被看作是一个常规的事业上升的道路。而这则归咎于于,人们认为必须先学会自我付出,才能收获大量回报的看法。”

阿佳妮还扬言指出:“在法国存在着从礼貌、到下流再到粗鲁的递减(性侵)现象。坏人们通常会以这个顺序从事他们的勾当,并打着自己只是在勾引的旗号,来进行自我辩护并大行其道。” 她还说,在电影届我经常听到那些拥有权势的人讲到:“为什么不呢,女演员们本来都是妓女”的话语。

很显然上述的性骚扰问题和“潜规则”现象不仅单单存在于影视界,而发生在法国生活和工作中的各个领域。自本周日启,在法国的社交网络上流行起了普通受害者们,揭露自己类似经历的运动。大量的当时人们都通过脸书和推特等平台,在“给你的猪称重”(Balance ton porc)的统一标签下,纷纷讲述了自己的遭遇。另有消息显示,部分国民议会议员正在拟写和推行,关于治理和处罚性骚扰现象的法律草案。

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