诗人、剧作家、小说家、散文家白桦今晨在沪逝世

“一路走好!时代疾风中的一株白桦。”1月15日凌晨2时15分,诗人、剧作家、小说家、散文家白桦在沪逝世。

白桦,生于1930年,原名陈佑华,河南信阳市平桥区中山铺人,中学时期就开始学写诗歌、散文、小说。1947年参加中原野战军,任宣传员;1946年开始发表作品;1949年加入中国共产党;1955年加入中国作家协会。1961年调上海海燕电影制片厂任编辑、编剧,1964年调武汉军区话剧团任编剧。1985年转业到上海作家协会,任副主席。


白桦著有长篇小说《妈妈呀,妈妈!》、《爱,凝固在心里》、《远方有个女儿国》、《溪水,泪水》(译有英文版)、《哀莫大于心未死》、《流水无归程》、《每一颗星都照亮过黑夜》,诗集《金沙江的怀念》《热芭人的歌》《白桦的诗》《我在爱和被爱时的歌》《白桦十四行抒情诗》,长诗《鹰群》《孔雀》,话剧剧本集《白桦剧作选》(内含《红杜鹃,紫杜娟》《曙光》《今夜星光灿烂》)、《远古的钟声与今日的回响》(内含《吴王金戈越王剑》《槐花曲》《走不出的深山》)、《一个秃头帝国的兴亡》(译有英文版本),《孪生兄弟电影剧本选》,散文集《我想问那月亮》《悲情之旅》,短篇小说集《边疆的声音》《猎人的姑娘》,中短篇小说集《白桦小说选》(译有法文版)、《白桦的中篇小说》、《沙漠里的狼》,随笔集《混合痛苦和愉悦的岁月》,电影文学剧本《山间铃响马帮来》、《曙光》、《今夜星光灿烂》、《孔雀公主》都已拍摄成电影,演讲集《白桦流血的心》等。

在文学界同仁的心目中,白桦风度翩翩、潇洒优雅,长诗《孔雀》和十四行诗展示出他的才华横溢,《山间铃响马帮来》《今夜星光灿烂》等一系列人物生动、诗情盎然的电影,成为中国电影史上不能忽略的佳作。当文学被时代的浪尖裹挟之时,白桦也曾经历灾难和荣耀。白桦曾说,自己非常喜欢一句俄国歌曲唱的那种氛围——“田野白桦静悄悄”。在雾霭中,白桦树闪着银色的微光,让人们确信它还站在那里,就足够了。他还曾说,作品如果没有自己的思索也许就风平浪静了,但是,没有自己的思索的作品又有什么意义呢?


1982年,白桦给北京人民艺术剧院写过一部话剧《吴王金戈越王剑》。2015年,这出1983年首演的大戏尘封多年后,由当年的导演、北京人艺老艺术家蓝天野复排搬上舞台,曾在中国上海国际艺术节上演,并举办“越冬的白桦诗歌朗诵会”。朗诵会尾声,当时85岁的白桦登台朗诵自己晚年的作品《一棵枯树的快乐》——“本来我就已经很衰老了,已经到了俗话说的风烛残年。请透过我的创口看看我的年轮吧!每一个冬天的后面都有一个春天……”

来源:上观新闻 作者:施晨露 2019-01-15

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