美中贸易战已经转为技术战 影响中美学术合作?

数名学者向法新社表示,美中贸易战转为技术战,美国签证政策的收紧对两国的学术合作造成不利影响。

中国教育部近日称,赴美留学签证审查周期延长、拒签率上升

法新社报道称,学术数据库Nature Index2018年的一项调查显示,美中科学家每年合作撰写数千份论文,远超过其它国家的科学合作数量。

数名研究者则向法新社表示,随着美国收紧有关接受外国科研资金的规定、加强对外国合作伙伴的审查,学术界共同研究项目、交换数据变得更困难。

在一个最新举措中,美国能源部禁止其科学家参加一个外国政府的人才招徕计划,理由是国家安全和竞争的担忧。法新社见到了这份禁令,其中并未点名具体国家,但所指的据称是北京的”千人计划”。

宾夕法尼亚州立大学一位官员匿名表示,越来越多的年轻中国学者被告知,因安全原因不能参加某一项目。

诺丁翰大学宁波校区的创新学教授曹聪表示 ,贸易战转向技术战,对于中美学术研究的合作造成严重干扰。他说,北京近些年来投入数十亿美元,以缩小中国与美国的科技差距,但中国仍严重依赖于美国的技术和培训。

中国教育部近日发布留学预警,称赴美留学签证审查周期延长、拒签率上升。教育部官员表示,2019年1月至3月,中方计划公派赴美留学1353人,因签证问题未能成行182人,占计划派出人数13.5%。教育部官员称:”2018年以来,美以反间谍为由吊销或重新审查中方赴美人员签证,从自然科学向社会科学扩散,近期美方还取消了一批中方从事中美关系研究学者赴美十年签证。”

量子物理学家潘建伟2月获得美国科学促进会颁发的克利夫兰奖,但因签证延迟未能出席领奖。潘建伟向法新社表示,在等待4个月后,他于3月拿到签证,已经错过颁奖仪式。

曾在哈佛大学和西北大学工作的神经生物学家饶毅表示,去年7月,他申请前往美国出席国家科学基金会的一个工作坊,签证被拒。

中国目前也是在美国际学生、学者的最大群体,去年有36万人。

文章来源: 德国之声 于

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