办公室挂“蓝命也是命”旗引种族纠纷,黑人获赔10万

 王恺雯

因办公室里一面“警察的命也是命”(Blue Lives Matter,以下简称“蓝命贵”)旗帜,引发美国一名黑人雇员普莱古尔(Karimah Guion-Pledgure)与同事关于种族问题的纠纷。

据《波特兰水星报》4月18日报道,俄勒冈州摩特诺玛(Multnomah)县当天批准了一项与普莱古尔的和解协议,同意向其赔偿10万美元,而普莱古尔也必须辞职。

普莱古尔自2011年起受雇于摩特诺玛县社区司法部。2017年,她的一位同事在办公室里挂起了一面“蓝命贵”旗帜,普莱古尔要求将这面旗帜摘下但未果。

办公室“蓝命贵”旗帜 图自“Oregon Live”网站

“蓝命贵”运动起源于2014年,在当年12月纽约布鲁克林区警察刘文健(Wenjian Liu)和其搭档拉莫斯(Rafael Ramos)遭黑人枪杀后,掀起了针对“黑人的命也是命(Black Lives Matter,以下简称“黑命贵”)”的“警察的命也是命”运动。

“黑命贵”运动则起源于2013年。2012年美国非裔青年马丁(Trayvon Martin)被警察枪杀,而开枪的警察齐默尔曼(George Zimmerman)于次年被判无罪,由此在美国网络上发起声势浩大的“黑人的命也是命”话题,“黑命贵”运动也在此后不断扩张。

普莱古尔 图自“Oregon Live”网站

在普莱古尔的诉讼中,她要求取下旗帜的理由是:“黑命贵”运动引发了人们对执法部门过度监管和杀害黑人的关注,而“蓝命贵”虽然也选择了与之相似的口号,却将重点转移到了执法上,而非种族认同,从而诋毁、稀释和贬低了“黑命贵”运动的宗旨。

诉讼同时指出,在“蓝命贵”旗帜被挂起前一个月,弗吉尼亚州一场名为“团结右派”(Unite the Right)的集会上,有白人至上主义者在美国国旗边展示了这面旗。

在普莱古尔向同事提出抗议后,六个月过去了,“蓝命贵”旗帜仍然被挂在办公室里。她于是做了一块展板,上面贴满了被警察击毙的有色人种照片,并拒绝了上司把照片拿下来的要求。

普莱古尔的展板 图自“Oregon Live”网站

之后,为了缓和双方的矛盾,管理层在普莱古尔的部门出台了一项新政——所有人张贴物的尺寸都必须小于等于5乘7英寸。

但事情还没完。

“蓝命贵”旗帜的尺寸虽然变小了,但数量却越来越多。且就在新政出台那天,普莱古尔在自己的展板上发现两张便条贴,一张写着“非常感谢”,另一张则写着“泼妇”。

普莱古尔认为,这些事件发生之后,摩特诺玛县继续将她“暴露在一个具有种族歧视和好斗的工作环境中”,并且这些冲突导致她陷入极度的压力和健康问题里。

美联社称,普莱古尔原本向摩特诺玛县索赔42万美元,后来县里愿意以10万美元作了结,而她本人则必须辞去原来的工作,但可以在县里申请一份新工作。

另据“Oregon Live”网站报道,摩特诺玛县发言人19日表示,根据社区司法部的一项新政,日后其办公室既不能挂“蓝命贵”旗帜,也不能再张贴被警察击毙的少数族裔的照片。

文章来源: 观察者网 于


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