亚裔男在美国拍照被拘 来旅游这些人不能随便拍!

近日,一名亚裔男在布碌崙McKinley 公园旁的St. Ephrem 私立学校内私下拍儿童照片时,被警惕的家长发现,并用手机拍下该男的照片,向参议员高顿投诉。

参议院高顿发现该男上周三(8日)又出现在另一家St Bernadette 私立学校拍照,于是向68分局报警,并把该男子的照片放在自己的脸书上,提醒家长们注意。

该男子隔天被68分局拘捕,被控以非法闯入(trespassing)罪名,或会被关押一两天。高顿参议员表扬68分局“为了社区安全,做出了很好的反应。”

该则帖子被分享近3,000次,并招致许多讨论。一些民众认为仅仅拍照,还没有迹象表明他会做什么坏事,家长可以打911报警,交给警方处理,或者上前问他“你的孩子在哪个年级?”看他如何回应,是否会逃跑,而不是在脸书上公布。

不过,跟帖中大多数人都认为私下拍儿童是违法的行为。不要说在学校,不属于公共场地,就是在街心公园这样的地方私拍儿童肖像都可能带来麻烦,随便拍摄草地上玩耍的孩子可能会引起法律纠纷。

虽然一般的美国人比较随意,对街头拍照不太在意,但对孩子拍照很特殊,因为孩子的肖像权在监护人手里,而且孩子没有自主行为能力。因此一些人说,对某一孩子的拍摄可能导致意料之外的犯罪行为的发生,如绑架勒索之类的,没有约定,不能随便拍孩子。

其实,不要怪美国人太敏感,儿童在美国的地位,可能不亚于总统。整个社会都有着强烈的儿童保护意识,并且有相关法律规定了美国公民的这项义务:

强制公民报告制度

在美国防止虐童的相关法律中,最有特点的是“强制报告制度”和“剥夺监护权制度”。

只要一个人“有理由相信”或“有理由怀疑”一个儿童受到了虐待或忽视就有报告义务。强制报告者如果没有尽到举报的义务,就可能会受到处罚,如承担相应的民事责任、罚金等。

也就是说,如果某个小朋友被自己爸妈打了一下,这就足以被怀疑为“虐待”。只要是看到这件事的人都有责任去举报该父母,小朋友也可以自己打电话向儿童保护机构求助,把自己的父母带走。

全民参与构建防护网

安伯警报(英文:“AMBER”,“美国失踪人口:广播紧急回应”的缩写)是美国一个向全国发布失踪儿童信息的庞大系统。

这个警报系统在美国已经十分完善了,有很多儿童在失踪的第二天就能够立刻被找回。

中国也尝试过类似的警报系统,如中国儿童失踪预警平台(CCSER)然而这个平台至今也没有多少成效——如果不能覆盖到更多的地区和公民,又怎么可以做到找回失踪儿童呢?

综合以上几点,美国在保护儿童、防治儿童虐待方面,不仅仅法律法规上已经较为完善,美国公民的参与度也作为一种义务来形成保护儿童的网络。

而这个网络,正是国内保护儿童方面所缺少的最重要一部分。

 

文章来源: 走四方旅游网 于

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